Trim white spaces of string at head and tail

Output

aaa


Code examples


C

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

char *ltrim(char *str, const char *seps) {
    size_t totrim;
    if (seps == NULL) {
        seps = "\t\n\v\f\r ";
    }
    totrim = strspn(str, seps);
    if (totrim > 0) {
        size_t len = strlen(str);
        if (totrim == len) {
            str[0] = '\0';
        }
        else {
            memmove(str, str + totrim, len + 1 - totrim);
        }
    }
    return str;
}

char *rtrim(char *str, const char *seps) {
    int i;
    if (seps == NULL) {
        seps = "\t\n\v\f\r ";
    }
    i = strlen(str) - 1;
    while (i >= 0 && strchr(seps, str[i]) != NULL) {
        str[i] = '\0';
        i--;
    }
    return str;
}

char *trim(char *str, const char *seps) {
    return ltrim(rtrim(str, seps), seps);
}

int main(void) {
    char str[] = "  aaa   \n\t";
    trim(str, NULL);
    printf("%s\n", str);
    return 0;
}

C++

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
int main() {
    const std::string& chars = "\t\n\v\f\r ";
    std::string str = "   aaa   \n\t";
    str.erase(str.find_last_not_of(chars) + 1);
    str.erase(0, str.find_first_not_of(chars));
    std::cout << str << endl;
}

C#

hello_world.cs

using System;
public class Trim {
    public void printTrim() {
        String str = "   aaa    \n\t";
        Console.WriteLine(str.Trim());
    }
    public static void Main()  {
         Trim tm = new Trim();
         tm.printTrim();
    }
}

Go

hello_world.go

package main
import "fmt"
import "strings"

func main() {
	str := "   aaa    \n\t"
    fmt.Println(strings.TrimSpace(str))
}

Java

HelloWorld.java

public class Trim {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String str = "   aaa    \n\t";
        System.out.println(str.trim());
    }
}

JavaScript

let str = "    aaa    \n\t";
console.log(str.trim());

Perl

my $a = "   aaa    \n\t";
$a=~ s!^\s*|\s*$!!gs;
print($a."\n");

PHP

<?php
$a = "   aaa   \n\t";
print(trim($a)."\n");

Python

str = "   aaa    \n\t"
print(str.strip())

Ruby

str = "   aaa   \n\t"
print(str.strip()+"\n")

Shell

echo "   aaa   \n\t" | xargs;